Throughout this lesson, you will learn how to use word strategies to help you become a better reader. The goal is to focus on mastering reading strategies using vocabulary directly related to information technology. This means as you strengthen your reading skills, you are also learning words related to your future professional goals.
By the end of this lesson, you should be able to:
Recognizing and Decoding Words
When you read, your brain processes a lot of information all at once: You take in the actual letters and make sense of how they go together to define something you know. Take a look at the following example.
Think of the word chair.
ch + ai + r
The process of making sense of the words you see in writing is called decoding, and it is the first step in understanding the words in a sentence, paragraph, or longer piece of written text.
If you struggle when reading, decoding is a good place to start. Starting at the beginning of word recognition can remind you of some basic word skills that will help when you come across words for which you have no memory or cannot define. In future lessons and activities, you will practice how to take apart words you do not understand, and you will see that you can understand pieces or parts of the words; when you put the word into a sentence. the other words surrounding it, the context, can help you understand the unknown word.
The series of activities you will be completing will help you recognize words directly related to information technology. This is just the beginning: In future lessons, you will be asked to think about how these words are put together, and how you can use them in your writing and in your workplace. But for now, you will be introduced to the language of the profession as well as reminded of the importance of "thinking" about words without considering the sentences in which the words appear. The activities will provide a variety of ways to learn the words. By doing this, you will also be learning to use computer technology.
Now it is time for you to practice. Complete the following activity.
Activity: Practice Decoding Information Technology (IT) Words
In this first activity you will become familiar with the information technology terms used throughout the rest of the activities. When you practice with the flashcards, remember to look at the word and try to figure out how it is put together. Slow down and really focus on each word. Listen to how it is pronounced: Do you see how the letters come together to make the sound? Repeat the activity as many times as you need to until you can identify and speak the words you see on the flashcards the moment you see them. Once you can do this, you're done with this activity! You will have strengthened your decoding skill with information technology words!
To complete the activity, follow the instructions below.
It is now time to add to your knowledge. You will now practice decoding and defining IT terms. Follow the instructions below.
Activity: Decoding and Defining
This activity will give you an understanding of each word: its definition. The pictures you see will help you make connections to the words, and give your brain a mental image to recall as you build your information technology vocabulary. Practice with the cards as many times as you need to until you know the words when the pictures appear and you can "see" the picture in your mind when you see the word.
When you can do this, you're done with this activity! You will have strengthened your decoding skill with information technology words and now have a picture and definition in your mind!
Alphabetizing Information Technology Words
Placing words in order based on their initial letters is called alphabetizing. Here is a quick review the rules of alphabetizing:
Rules of Alphabetizing
To alphabetize a list of words or names, you start by placing them in A-B-C order according to the first letter of each word. Saying the alphabet to yourself silently when placing words in alphabetical order is a good way to practice. For example:
If two or more words begin with the same letter, look at the second letter. Ask yourself: Which of the second letters comes first in the alphabet? If the first and second letters are the same, go to the third letters of each word.
The "A" words shown here are alphabetized according to the second letter. They are ordered alphabetically using the letters C, D, and P:
If you find two words with the same initial spelling but one word stops and the other continues, the shorter word comes first. "Why is this? Because a blank space at the end of a word is alphabetized before a letter as shown in the diagram. For example, COMPUTER comes before COMPUTERS in an alphabetical list.
Complete the following practice activity: Alphabetizing Word Sets.
Putting it all Together: Spelling
Once you understand decoding, definitions and alphabetizing, it is time for the ultimate test: Can you use these skills to spell the words you hear? If you can, your brain is working to put all of the word pieces together to help you "see" the word correctly in order to type it correctly. If you have trouble doing this, go back to the previous activities and practice again. When it comes to reading, practice does make perfect!
Spelling helps to strengthen the connections between hearing a word and reading a word. Using these skills helps you to become more fluent with words and will help you to learn new vocabulary and reading words in paragraphs and other long pieces of text in the future.
Complete the activity: Spelling Practice
For additional spelling practice, use the instructions to complete the spelling activity.
Activity: Spelling IT Terms
As you can see, the human brain processes a lot of information when you read—just like a computer! The more you practice, the easier it will be to process words. Reading will become easier over time as you continue to practice.
Complete the following assignments to see how far your skills have come!